Guideline

Abstract Guideline

  • Abstracts are limited to one paragraph of 250 words. The total count of words does not include title of the paper, authors name, designation and institutional affiliation.
  • Create the abstract with MS Word or compatible software with single space, using Times New Roman font of 12 point or similar.
  • Title of abstract should be brief and precise and in bold.
  • Author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) is/are written just below the title of the paper.
  • First author/submitting author should be the contact author.
  • Presenting author’s name should be followed by an asterisk (*).
  • Do not include illustrations or bibliographical references in the abstract.
  • Abstract should contain at least 5 key words
  • Indicate if you would like to be considered for an oral presentation. Those not chosen for oral presentations will be posters.
  • If an author submits multiple abstracts, the topic and content of each must differ substantially.
  • Abstract should stand alone and contain valuable information for both those in attendance as well as those who read it in the compendium. Abstracts are subject to editing before publication.


An abstract is unacceptable if it

  • Contains significant grammatical errors and (or) meaningless statements such as: "The results will be presented."
  • Includes no results or statements relating to the objective(s).
  • Fails to comply with submission requirements.
  • Presents opinion/speculation with no demonstrated application for teaching or advising efforts.

Abstract Format

Accepted abstracts will be a concise summary of factual information and not simply a general description of what the author plans to present. A high-quality abstract contains the following key elements (without designating them as such):

  • (1) a brief introduction, including objectives of the presentation;
  • (2) relevant experimental conditions indicating the scope of study or survey (authors of predominately philosophical works may substitute other appropriate criteria);
  • (3) observations, results, or data (however, data should be in summary form and not presented in tables or graphs) - philosophical abstracts must demonstrate application of said philosophy;
  • (4) a concise summary.